Click on the titles and images below for illustrations and information about Michigan’s tree species.
Aspens are among the most common tree species in northern Michigan. They are "pioneer" species and are very intolerant of shade. Aspens have a system of shallow roots which sends up thousands of sprouts per acre when the parent trees are destroyed. These dense stands of aspen sprouts form important habitat for deer, grouse and many other wildlife species.
The blue ash is a medium-sized tree native to a rather small range from southern Michigan south to northern Mississippi and from the Kentucky/West Virginia line west to central Iowa and eastern Kansas. It prefers dry, limestone sites where it grows in combination with oaks and hickories. It is not common in Michigan, but is found occasionally.
The white ash is fairly common on medium and good quality hardwood sites across Michigan. It is the most common of the ashes and is a commercially important timber tree. It is a common associate of the northern hardwoods, maple, beech, birch, basswood, etc. and also white pine, hemlock and yellow birch.
Carolus Linnaeus, the famed Swedish botanist was so enamored of a linden tree near his home that he took the name Carl Linne after the name "linden," according to a 19th century writer. The basswood, our native linden, is found throughout Michigan, west to the Dakotas, east to the Atlantic coast, south to the Ohio river and north to Lake Superior and southern Quebec. It is commonly associated with sugar maple, white ash, beech and other northern hardwoods.